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On 15th August 1947, Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah became the 1st Governor General of Pakistan. He remained Governor General of the country for thirteen months. During this period, he solved many important national issues. Some of them are mentioned as under:
Pakistan’s First Cabinet
As soon as the Quaid-i-Azam took an immediate action and nominated members of the Federal Cabinet to run the Government affairs smoothly. Liaquat Ali Khan was elected as the Prime Minister. Other members of the cabinet were also nominated. This first cabinet of Pakistan took oath on 15th August 1947.
The Act of 1935 was amended and enforced in the country as there was no constitution available of the newly born state. Thus this great achievement was done under the administrative leadership of the Quaid-i-Azam.
Establishment of Capital
Karachi was made Capital of Pakistan.
Establishment of Administrative Head Quarters
For the administrative reformation, a committee was set up and Chaudhry Muhammad Ali was made the Secretary General. Civil Services were re-organized and Civil Services Academy was constituted. The Secretariat was established. Moreover, Head quarters for Army, Navy and Air Force were set up. An ammunition factory was also set up.
Attention to Foreign Affairs
Realizing the sensitivity of foreign affairs, Quaid-i-Azam paid his utmost attention to the Foreign Policy. He developed healthy relations with the neighboring and developed countries that were the main objective of the Foreign Policy.
Membership of UNO
After independence, Quaid-i-Azam paid immediate attention for acquiring membership of the United Nations Organization (UNO). On 30th September 1947, Pakistan became the member of the UNO. This all, was done under the dynamic leadership of Quaid-i-Azam.
Implementation of Education Policy
Education plays an important role in the development of a country. It improves living standard of a nation and development. Education sector also needed attention at the time of independence. for this purpose, he held the first Educational Conference in 1947. He wished that every citizen of Pakistan should serve his nation with honesty and national spirit. he made nation with honesty and national spirit. He made acquisition of scientific and technological education compulsory for the students. Quaid-i-Azam did a lot to improve education policy of the country.
In the Service of Pakistan
Quaid-i-Azam served his country till his death. Despite his bad health, he kept on going through the important files. He succumbed to deadly disease of consumption.
These were the most important works done by the Quaid as Governor General in a very short period of 13 months. These achievements of the Quiaid will not be forgotten by the people of Pakistan.