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The idea of separate homeland for the Muslims of India was presented in the form of Lahore resolution in 1940, which was accepted in June 3rd, 1947 and according to the Indian independence Act July 18, 1947 the new state of Pakistan came into being on August 14, 1947.
Under the section 8 of the act the Government India act 1935 became the first constitution with some adaptations. Under the Indian independence act a constitutional assembly was set for drafting the constitution of Pakistan and to act as a legislative body tells the new constitution was passed and enforced.
Liaquat Ali Khan presented the Objectives Resolution in the Constituent Assembly on March 12, 1949. Following were the main clauses of the resolution:
- Sovereignty belongs to Allah alone, who would delegate it to the state of Pakistan trough its people for being exercised within the limits as a sacred Trust.
- The state shall exercise its power and authority through the choose representatives of the people.
- The principle of democracy, freedom, equality, tolerance and social justice as enunciated by Islam, shall be fully observed
- Muslims shall be enabled to order their lives in the individual and collective sphere in accordance with teaching of Islam ad set out in Holy Quran and Sunnah.
- Adequate provision shall be made for the minorities to freely exercise their religion and develop their cultures.
- Pakistan shall be a federation.
- Fundamental right shall guarantee.
- Judiciary shall be independent.
Objectives Resolution was constitutional historic frame work provided mechanism to achieve goals for a better life of the people of Pakistan. The objective resolution had the combine feathers of both western democracy and Islam.
When the resolution was passed by constitutional assembly Liaquat Ali Khan considered it the most important occasion in the life of his country.
The Objectives Resolution became a part of constitution of Pakistan in 1985 by 8th amendment.