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Nawab Mohammad Ismail Khan was born on august 1884 at Agra. His grandfather was Muhammad Mustafa khan who was a great poet. Mustafa khan known as “Shaifta” in urdu poetry. His father’s name was Muhammad Ishaq Khan he was a session judge. He father was also the president of All India Muslim educational conference (1891). He was also the honorary secretary of MAO College in 1913. He had three sons and his eldest son was Nawab Muhammad Ismail khan and he was barrister by occupation. He was doing his practice at Meerut.
Education and Work:
He got his early education at home. Teacher came and taught him at home. His forefathers were very strict in religious matters. Nawab Ismail Khan was an intelligent student. After the home education he went to MAO College Aligarh for his further education. For higher education he went to Cambridge University London. He got his bachelor’s degree from Cambridge University and after that he got the degree of barrister from inner temple. After completing his education he lived in England for sometime and came back to India after 10 years. Then he started his practice at Meerut, to learn more about practice he joined Pandit Jawhar Laal Nehru. Pandit Jawahar Laal Nehru was a senior advocate of Allahabad high court. And he was also the father of Pandit Moti Laal Nehru. It was that time when people of India stood against British, no doubt that practicing and politics are very close professions.
Role in Khilafat Movement
Although Nawab Ismail Khan was taking part in politics but he came in front practically he took part in home rule league in 1917. An English lady Mrs. Annie basin made a new political party named as “Home Rule League” with the help of “Baal Ganga dhar tilak”. Dada Bhai Noroji was the first president of that party. Mrs. Annie Basin was detained by British government. Nawab Ismail Khan did his best to get her freed. It was the first time when Jinnah and Ismail khan got closed to each other. In March 1919 Rowlett act was accepted by central committee. The perspective of this Act was to reduce the revolutionary acts against British government. Nawab Ismail Khan joined khilafat movement on the invitation of Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar and Maulana Shaukat Ali Jauhar. Nawab Ismail khan was selected as the member of all India khilafat committee and president of khilafat committee in U.P. He organized many protests against this Rowlett Act. Nawab Ismail Khan arranged Khilafat conference in Meerut, in which he invited Maulan Abul Kalam Azad, Hakim Ajmal Khan, Maulana Zafar Ali Khan, Mrs. Sarvajani Nado and representatives from all provinces and districts of India. There was stir up all over the U.P. “Mustafa castle”(residence of Nawab Ismail Khan) of meerut received very much importance. All the major leaders and religious scholars came and stayed there for many days. And Nawab treated them at his best. Nawab Ismail Khan organized khilafat committee not only in U.P but also in many cities of NWFP, Punjab and Sindh. British government arrested Ali brothers for many times during Khilafat movement and in the absence of Ali brothers, Nawab Ismail Khan ran the khilafat movement vey well. Khilafat committee took out the rally in the leadership of Nawab Ismail khan on 13th of December 1919. He himself led that rally. Although Ali brothers sowed the seeds of khilafat movement but Ismail khan grown up those seeds. When this movement was at its peak, then there occurred some problems due to which this movement got failed. Such as Shuddi movement and abundance of Khilafat by Mustafa Kamal Pasha were two of the main causes. So the Khilafat movement broke out in late 1922.
Other Political Activities
From 1925 to 1935 there wasn’t any proper political party for Muslims. In this period some parties tried to organized themselves in the leadership of Nawab Ismail khan like
- All Muslim parties conference
- All India Muslim conference
- Muslim Unity Board
When Khilafat movement came to an end with that short honeymoon of Hindu Muslim unity came to an end as well. Then there arose conflicts in between Hindus and Muslims. So Nawab Ismail Khan tried to reorganize Muslims. Dr Saif uddin kachlo arranged all parties’ conference in the presidency of Nawab Ismail Khan from 16-19th July 1925, at Amritsar. Although Nawab Ismail Khan was not much good orator but he wrote his speech by himself. In his speech he said that he said that now Muslim league is the only party which can protect the rights of the Muslims. Nawab Ismail Khan participated in the conference of all parties on 2nd February 1928. Nawab participated in all the sessions of All Parties Conference whole-heartedly. After that Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar called for a session of All Muslim Parties on 1st January 1929 in Delhi. Nawab Ismail Khan delivered a very heat touching an inspiring speech. In this session All India Muslim League, Khilafat Committee and Jamiat Ulema e Hind also participated. From 1930 to 1935 it was a very tough time for Indian Muslims. By the efforts of Chaudary Khaleeq u Zaman there was built all India Muslim unity board in the presidency of Nawab Ismail khan in Lucknow. It’s 1st session was called on 15 or 16th of may in 1934. All the members of khilafat committee were also the members of Muslim league. Nawab Ismail Khan joint Muslim league in 1926, and then never left it on any occasion until the Pakistan came into being. After 1926, Nawab Ismail Khan never missed any session of all India Muslim league. He was with Jinnah on every occasion and never let him alone. Nawab Ismail Khan also acknowledged Pakistan resolution which was presented by Chaudary Khaleeq u zaman in 1940 at minar e Pakistan Lahore. He was also the chairman of committee of action. In 1945-50 Nawab was the member of Indian legislative assembly. In 1950-52 he was the member of Indian parliament. He was also the vice chancellor of Muslim university Aligarh from October 1947 to November 1948. On 14th august 1947 Pakistan came into existence. Nawab Ismail Khan refused to migrate to Pakistan for the welfare of Indian Muslims. After the creation of Pakistan he came twice a time to Pakistan. First time in 1951-53 and second time in 1955-56. He died on 28th of June 1958 at the age of 74 year in Mustafa castle at Meerut, U.P India. He was buried in family graveyard at the shrine of Hazrat Nizam uddin Auliya.