Follow Us On:
Bahadur Yar Jung (3 February 1905 – 25 June 1944)
Active politician and influential orator of Hyderabad Nawab Bahadur Yar Jung was born in 1905. He was the gem among the glorious orators of the subcontinent. His words leave a magnificent impact on the listeners he had great power to convince others. He devoted his voice along with his life to the betterment and development of Muslims of the subcontinent.
Bahadur Yar Jung was born in Hyderabad to Nawab Nasib Yawar Jung, whose ancestors came from Afghanistan with Ahmad Shah Abdali. Forefathers/ ancestors of Bahadur Yar Jung came from Afghanistan with Ahmad Shah Abdali and settled in the Barabasti district of Jaipur.
After some time they traveled/ migrated towards Hyderabad. Where Nawab Nasib Yawar Jung was blessed with a son, who later on rise as a “SUN OF DECCAN”. The child was named Mohammad Bahadur Khan. Right after giving birth to the child, his mother died. He was lucky to have his grandmother as his caretaker. His grandmother was a religious woman. She brought him up under the light of religion and teachings of the Prophet. She gave him the initial spark to love religion and Prophet. Nawab Bahadur Yar Jung admired his grandmother’s teaching as an asset of his life.
The journey of Bahadur Yar Jung’s education started from his home at his early age. He took a very keen interest in studies. He not only gets modern education but also is religiously trained initially by his grandmother and then home tutors. He got an education in Darul Uloom, Madrassa e Alia, and Mufeed ul Anam. He learned Arabic, Urdu, Tafseer, Fiqah, and Hadith in these institutions. He was a brilliant and intelligent student of his time.
Bahadur Yar Jung was a devoted person. After his father’s death, he found that his property was under the burden of a loan of 4 lac rupee which he managed to return within five years. He was the elder son of the family. He has to leave his education for family responsibilities. But this formal break up from education doesn’t restrict him from the ocean of knowledge. He groomed his oratory skills by reading books and exploring the world. He was very fond of reading books. He bought many books every month. He was habitual to read 200 to 250 pages daily.
Nawab Bahadur Yaar Jung lived in that era when Muslims were facing downfall and were politically suppressed by Hindus and British. In that situation, he stands for the betterment of Muslims not only Muslims of the sub-continent he had a soft corner in his heart for Muslims all over the world. He worked for the unity of Muslims of the subcontinent and the world. He was among the first ones who brought political awareness in not only Hyderabad but also worked hard for political awareness in other Muslim majority areas of the subcontinent.
Bahadur Yar Jung realized that after ruling 700-800 years muslins were still in minority. He took the initiative to start an organization to spread Islam all over India. He established Anjuman e Taableegh e Islam to spread Islam for that mission.
Nature had gifted Nawab Bahadur Yar Jung such oratory skills by which he can convince his friends and opponents as well. He not only speaks effectively but his speech also shows his vast knowledge on the topic he spoke about. He creates a spell on his listeners including both literate and illiterate people. The topic of his speeches surrounded the life of the Prophet (p.b.u.h) and the social and political awareness of Muslims.
He was not in favor to split Islam. The split of groups in religion hurt him he said it wasn’t the spirit of Islam he tried to unite the Muslims of different sects. As a result of his efforts that Muslims of different group’s thoughts join hands together for a separate homeland.
Hyderabad state-organized Eid Milad un Nabi every year in which scholars from every corner of India took part. Nizam of state also attended the congregation very enthusiastically. In such kind of gathering, he got his first chance to speak in front of the crowd. His persuasive speech on the life of the Prophet (p.b.u.h) touched the hearts of every single person in the crowd. Nizam of the state mesmerized and saw an upcoming orator in him. The very next day he received a representative from the head of the state who delivers his message with the title BAHDUR YAR JUNG for him. For the rest of his life, he was recognized with this title instead of his name.
In a memorable meeting of the Muslim league 1940 at Lahore, he delivers an influential speech. After his speech, Mohammad Ali Jinnah has to wind up the session with his speech. Jinnah took Bahadur Yar Jung’s speech as a final speech of the session of the Muslim league.
He spontaneously translates Jinnah’s speech in an annual meeting of the Muslim league at Sholapur in such a way that listeners of Jinnah and Bahadur Yar Jung could not differentiate between two speeches other than language. After the translation of Jinnah’s speech, Bahadur Yar Jung was appointed his narrator. He translates all speeches of Jinnah in meetings of the Muslim league.
In December 1943 Karachi Bahadur Yar Jung addresses Jinnah and said “We Muslims of subcontinent want Pakistan to be Islamic form of government if your Pakistan is not like that we do not want it”. He was a religious person and want Muslims and Islam stability in India and all over the world.
Bahadur Yar Jung had an eye on the political deprivation of Muslims in the subcontinent. He rises from Hyderabad for political awareness of Muslims. After joining Majlis e Ittihad al Muslimeen he worked very hard for Muslims of Hyderabad. Then he looked at other parts of India.
At that time two Muslim political parties were working: Muslim League and Jamiyat Ulmaye Islam. He preferred to join Muslim League because of his affection for Mohammad Ali Jinnah. His remarkable efforts for Muslim League were evoked forever.
In 1940, the session of the Muslim League was the result of Bahadur Yar Jung’s selfless struggles. He persuades CM Sr. Sikandar Hayat of the Unionist Party, permit Muslim League for the annual session in Lahore. In this session, Bahadur Yar Jung delivers such a faithful and evidential speech that every single person present in the session is mesmerized by his words.
Bahadur Yar Jung with Muslim league:
As a part of Hyderabad state, Bahadur Yar Jung wasn’t theoretically allowed to join any political party. But he voluntarily worked for the Muslim league. He was both emotionally and practically attached to Muslim League. The major reason for joining Muslim League was his emotional attachment to Mohammad Ali Jinnah and his purpose to get a separate homeland for Muslims.
The personality of Bahadur Yar Jung:
Simple, intelligent, hard worker, soft-hearted, kind, a devotee of Prophet (p.b.u.h), and an auspicious orator of the subcontinent are the most appropriate words to define Nawab Bahadur Yar Jung. Despite the Nawab of Hyderabad, he lived a very simple life. His intelligent influential speeches played a vital role in the political awareness of Muslims in the subcontinent. He ardent his life for a separate homeland for Muslims in which they can follow the teachings of religion freely. He was a religious person who loves Islam and preach the religion. By his speeches, he achieved the conversion of 5000 non-Muslims to Islam. He not only converts non-Muslims but also tried to support and encourage them. He also supported many widows and orphans of Hyderabad. When he died, many of them came to his funeral with great grief and sorrow.
The sudden death of Bahadur Yar Jung in 1944 was a great loss of the Muslim community. His soul leaves his body at a friend’s home, justice Hashim Khan. His enigmatic death is still a mystery. If he endured the outcome of Pakistan would be different today.
- Nawab Bahadur Yar Jung
- Lisanul Ummat
- Quid e Millat
- Ibn e Batoota of the subcontinent