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1951-58 Establishment in Power dph

Dismissal of Nazimuddin’s Government (1953)

Pakistan higher bureaucracy was dominated by non-Bengalis. The bureaucracy disliked the Nazimuddin ministry right from the beginning and considered Nazimuddin a weak administrator, who was incapable of achieving the political, administrative and constitutional tasks that the country faced. However, the immediate cause of the dismissal of the Nazimuddin ministry was ... Read More »

Muhammad Ali Bogra Formula (1953)

When Muhammad Ali Bogra became the Prime Minister of Pakistan, the main task ahead of him was to achieve an agreement on a workable constitution for the country. He worked hard on this project and within six months of assuming power, came out with a constitutional formula. He presented the ... Read More »

Dissolution of the 1st Constituent Assembly

Pro-US Governor General, Ghulam Muhammad, and Prime Minister, Muhammad Ali Bogra, were moving well and in a cooperative way. Both had a mission to bring Pakistan in the Western camp. However, they were afraid of the ever increasing popularity of the anti-US and anti-establishment forces in the country, especially in ... Read More »

Cabinet of Talents (1954-55)

Before the dissolution of the constituent assembly Ghulam Muhammad instructed Muhammad Ali Bogra, the prime minister to form a cabinet for the benefit of the parliament. Hastily a ten member cabinet was put together on 24th October 1954 which included five members of previous cabnient three as ministers – Chaudhry ... Read More »

One Unit

One of the main arguments of the secularists in Pakistan was that the Ulema were divided on sectarian lines and they were not in a position to agree on one concept of Islamic system. They considered that the Ulema had given such confusing interpretations to the precepts of the Quran ... Read More »

2nd Constituent Assembly

The Federal Court’s decision in the Reference by the Governor General cleared the way for summoning the second Constituent Assembly. The verdict of the Federal Court in Usif Patel’s case had put to an end the effort of Ghulam Mohammad and his nominated Cabinet to make a Constituent to make ... Read More »

Constitution of 1956

After assuming charge as Prime Minister, Chaudhary Muhammad Ali and his team worked hard to formulate a constitution. The committee, which was assigned the task to frame the Constitution, presented the draft Bill in the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan on January 9, 1956. The bill was opposed by the Bengali ... Read More »

Termination of the System

Iskander Mirza and Ayub Khan had perfect cordial relations. Mirza was instrumental in Ayub selection as the Commander in Chief of Pakistan army while Ayub helped Mirza in becoming the Governor General of the country. Both were party to all the decisions taken by the country when Mirza was the ... Read More »

Enforcement of Martial Law (1958)

On the night of 7 October 1958, the constitution was suspended by a Presidential proclamation. The ministers were dismissed; the legislatures dissolved and political parties were banned. The Commander in Chief of the Army, General Mohammad Ayub Khan, was appointed Chief Martial Law Administrator. The proclamation dwelt at length on ... Read More »

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