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Rawalpindi Conspiracy

In 1948 war was fought between India and Pakistan over Kashmir. The war over the territory of Kashmir had ended in a ceasefire in 1948 that left North western Kashmir in Pakistan hands and the rest with India.

The ceasefire was deeply resented in the Pakistan Army. Many regarded it as a blunder, which allow the Indian forces to strengthen their position in Kashmir, and deny Pakistani forces the opportunity to completely occupy all the territory. The government resisted the urgings of Pakistani commander to lunch another attack on Indian forces.

The produced frustration and division with in the Army. A conspiracy was lead by military commander supported by the left wing political parties .They wanted to replace civil government by military government in 1951.the conspiracy was the first of many subsequent coup attempted against the elected government in the history of Pakistan.

Eleven military officers and four civilians were involved in the conspiracy.

The main person responsible for the planning the conspiracy was Maj.Gen. Akbar, the chief of general staff of Pakistan army.

General Tariq was based in Army headquarter in Pindi .civilian conspirators were Faiz Ahmad Faiz ,Sajjad Zaheer ,Naseem Shahnawaz khan, and Muhammad Husain Ata. The military officers involved in conspiracy were Maj. Gen.Akbar Khan, Air commander M.K Juneju, Major. Gen. Nazir Ahmed, Brigadier Saddiq Khan, Brigadier M.A Latif Khan, Lt-Col Zia-ud-din, Lt-Col Niaz Mohammed Arbab, Captain Khizar Hayat, Maj Hassan Khan, Maj Ishaq Khan and Captain Zafarullah Poshni.

The conspiracy was foiled after the Government was informed. Government forces immediately arrested Major General Akbar Khan and other conspirators. The Army commander in chief General Mohammad Ayub Khan and the defence secretary General Sikandar Mirza were loyal to the Government. Ayub Khan ordered to the Army troops to surrender and took control of the Army Head Quarters, where Major General Akbar Khan was based.

The Government of Liaquat Ali Khan passed the Rawalpindi conspiracy act to set up a special tribunal to investigate the conspiracy. A trail was held for conspirators.

Major General Akbar Khan was soon rehabilitated in Pakistani political life becoming an advisor to Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto upon coming to power in 1971, Bhutto appointed him to be chief National security, Faiz was appointed to the national council for Art.

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