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Mualana Shaukat Ali (1873-1938)

Mualana Shaukat Ali was an Indian Muslim nationalist and leader of the Khilafat movement. He was the brother of Mualana Mohammad Ali. He was born in 1873 in Rampur state in what today is Uttar Pradesh. Ali brothers were the prominent leader of Freedom Movement of Pakistan. Both were deeply interested in Islam. He was educated at the Aligarh Muslim University. He became the captain of cricket at Aligarh. From 1896-1913 Shaukat Ali served in the Provincial Civil service of United Provinces of Oudh and Agra. Shaukat Ali helped his brother Mohammad Ali publish the Urdu weekly Hamdard and the English weekly Comrade. In 1919, while jailed for publishing what the British charged as seditious materials and organizing protest, he was elected as the first president of Khilafat Conference. He was re-arrested and imprisoned from 1921 to 1923 for his support to Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress during the Non-Cooperation Movement (1919-1922). His fans accorded him and his brother the title of “Mualana”.

Along with his brother, Shaukat Ali grew disillusioned with the Congress and Gandhi’s leadership. He opposed the 1928 Nehru Report, demanding separate electorates for Muslims, and attended the First and Second Round Table Conference in London. His brother died in 1931, and Ali continued on and organized the world Muslim Conference in Jerusalem. In 1936, Ali joined the All Indian Muslim League and become a close political ally of and campaigner for Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the father founder of Pakistan. He served as member of the Central Assembly from 1934 to 1938. Shaukat Ali Died in 1938.

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