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Mir Zafrullah Khan Jamali is former sports administrator who remained as Prime Minister of Pakistan from 2002 to 2004. He was born on January 1, 1944 in the village of Dera Murad Jamali which is in Nasirabad District of Balochistan.His family was educated and had been under the influence of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. His family members were very active during Pakistan Movement and close associates of Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
Mir Zafrullah Khan Jamali completed his high school education from Saint Francis Grammar School in Quetta. Then studied at the Lawrence College at Murree where he did O-level and later proceeded to Aitchison College in Lahore where finally completed the A-levels. Jamali applied in the Government College University where he got Bachelor’s degree (with honors) in Business Administration in 1963, followed by MA in British history from the Punjab University in 1965. He was also a “Blue” holder of Punjab University in university’s hockey in 1961-65 and also headed its team. In 1965, Jamali joined the national hockey team of Pakistan symbolized Pakistan as a hockey player at international level.
Mir Zafrullah Khan Jamali joined active politics in 1970 and became an active member of Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP). In 1972, appointing a new government, Jamali was raised as the provincial Home minister and held departments of Food, Information and Parliamentary Affairs in the Balochistan’s provisional cabinet. After the 1977 parliamentary elections, he was again elected unopposed for the Balochistan Provincial Assembly and held the departments of Food, Information, Law and Parliamentary Affairs.
After 1977, Jamali left the Peoples Party due to party’s threatening attitude on socialism and democratic socialist principles on economy. In 1980, Jamali joined the military governorship of Lieutenant-General Rahimuddin Khan and subsequently rose to national prominence. Under the military governorship, Jamali led the department of real-state, township planning, and played significant role in country’s development of weapon-testing laboratories for national nuclear prevention. In 1981, Jamali was elevated in the cabinet but left due to differences with General Zia-ul-Haq. He linked with Foreign Service of Pakistan since 1980 and presented and led Pakistan’s delegation to the United Nations in 1980 and again in 1991. In 1981, Jamali headed Pakistan’s delegation to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in Rome, Italy. In 1982, Jamali chaired Pakistan’s delegation to the Islamic Agricultural Ministers Conference in Ankara, Turkey, and also led a 21-member delegation of the Parliament to the United States in 1982.
Jamali successfully contributed in 1985 general elections and accepted for the Prime minister’s Secretariat. He competed for the seat of Prime Minister against Muhammad Khan Junejo and Ilahi Bux Soomro. However, Junejo won the slot due to his apolitical ideas and lack of understanding the government operations, although it was proved to be misunderstanding. Jamali took the oath from General Zia-ul-Haq, and appointed as the minister of Ministry of Water and Power in the government of Prime minister Junejo.
In 1988, Jamali joined the right-wing conventional association, the Islamic Democratic Alliance (IDA), and appointed as the Chief Minister of Balochistan in 1988. However, he lost the support of Pakistan Peoples Party and was immediately succeed by nationalist Akbar Bugti. He remained active in politics and joined 1990 elections holding the chairmanship of Senate committee of economics, financial, and revenue services. In 1993, he joined the Pakistan Muslim League (PML) led by Nawaz Sharif as its senior vice president. In 1996, with the support of JUI-F, Jamali was again appointed as care-taker chief minister of Balochistan and secured his parliametary seat in 1997 general elections. As parliamentary member, Jamali was the chairman of the senate committee sports and physical development. He remained a powerful and public vocal of Pakistan’s first nuclear tests authorized by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif but his relations with the Prime minister went cold. Problems with Nawaz Sharif arose in 1999 during the Kargil war and subsequently ended his support to the Prime minister after the 1999 coup d’état led by chief of army staff and Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee General Pervez Musharraf.
On 20 July 2002, Jamali joined the fragment and rebel group of Pakistan Muslim League, the Q Group as its Senior Executive President. In 2002, Jamali participated with full force in 2002 general elections and secured his parliamentary seat with heavy margin from Balochistan Province. Initially, he contested for the Prime minister Secretariat and won the support of his party members when his supporters from the Peoples party and Muslim league defected to Q-Group to support him. In the first parliamentary session, Jamali won the bid of the Prime minister secretariat. This was the first general election to take place in Pakistan following the 1999 coup.
Soon after appointed as Prime minister, Jamali announced the new cabinet. His economic policies were primarily based on the Capitalism and free-economy principles, a plan devised by his economic minister Shaukat Aziz in 1999. His policies emphasized the Macroeconomics policies and approved the poverty-alleviation programme, and pioneered the pro-poor policies by establishing industries and giving free-hands to private sector to bring investment in the country. Major industries and state-owned corporations were opened to private sector and the doors of investment opportunities were opened to individuals of the private corporations. His economic policies were extremely under the control of his economic minister Shaukat Aziz who supervised the success of the privatization programme Jamali had gave approval earlier.
As Prime minister, Jamali formulated pro-American policies while on other hand, worked on enhancing the relations with Iran, China, and European Union. As for first task, Jamali attempted to improve relations with country’s neighbors by first directing an invitation to President of Iran Mohammad Khatami who visited Pakistan in 2002 after immediately accepting the initiation. A high-level delegation, consisting the Iranian cabinet, members of the Parliament, Iranian Vice-President and President Khatami paid a three-day state visit in 2002. As in return, Jamali paid a state visit in 2003 where he held talks with economic cooperation, security of the region, and better bilateral ties between Pakistan and Iran.
On October 2003, Jamali first foreign trip took place as Prime minister after visiting a state visit to United States. He met with President of the United States George W. Bush in 2003 and vowed to support United States on War on Terror. After negotiating with the United States, Jamali succeeded in securing an aid package from the United States to support the national economy and social reforms to reduce the level of suicide and to elevate the progress of the social growth in the country.
Despite being ideologically close to President Musharraf, and supported the political and economic policies based on Pro-United States economical system. On 26 June 2004, Jamali surprisingly announced his resignation on television channels after tendering a three-hour long meeting with President Musharraf. There had been rumors in the country with Jamali straining relations with President Musharraf on executing the government policies.