Liaquat Ali khan was born on October1‚1896 in Nausharwan family. He belongs to a wealthy family of East Punjab. His mother arranged for his lessons in Quran and Ahadith at home. As his family had deep respect for Sir Syed Ahmad khan‚he was admitted in Aligarah Muslim University. He was graduated from M.A.O collage Aligarah in1918. In1919 after the death of his father‚he was awarded a scholarship by British government. In1921 he was awarded the LLM in law and justice .In 1923 after his return to India‚ he decided to enter politics with the objective of liberating his homeland free from foreign yoke.
The congress Leadership approached to him and he attended a meeting with Jawaherlal Nehru in 1923.After the meeting Liaquat Ali khan views of United India was changed.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah called him for an annual session of All India Muslim League in May 1924in Lahore‚where the goals and vision of the party was discussed. Liaquat Ali khan started his parliamentary career from U.P legislative Assembly in 1926 as an independent candidate. In 1923 he was elected Deputy President of U.P Legislative Council. He remained the member of the U.P Legislative Council until 1940‚when he was elected to the central Legislative Assembly.
Liaquat Ali Khan took active part in legislative affairs .when Muhammad Ali Jinnah returned to India‚he started reorganizing the AIML. Liaquat Ali khan was elected as the honorary secretary of the AIML in April 26‚1936. He held the office till 1947. Liaquat Ali khan was also the member of the Muslim masses civil defense‚which was formed to keep Muslim safe from the activities of INC and strengthen the league mission.
Liaquat Ali khan won the central legislative election in 1945-46 in U.P. He was also elected the chairman of the league central parliamentary Board. The AIML won 87% seats reserved for Muslims in British India. When British Government asked the League to send five nominees for representation in term Government. Liaquat Ali Khan was asked to lead the League group in Cabinet, which he handled brilliantly. By this point the British Government and INC both accepted the idea of Pakistan and therefore on August 14, 1947 Pakistan came into existence. After independence, Liaquat Ali Khan was appointed the first prime minister of Pakistan.
Liaquat Ali Khan had to deal a number of difficulties facing Pakistan in its early days. He helped Quaid in solving the rights and refugee problems. He set an effective administrative system for the country.
In 1949 Soviet Union invited Liaquat Ali Khan, but in 1950 he visited the United State, which was the time of extensive competition between the two super powers.
During the first days he adopted the Government act of India 1935 to administer the country, finally in 1949 Pakistan made first step towards making constitution and foreign policy. Liaquat Ali Khan presented the objective resolution which was passed on March 12, 1949. He also established the basic principle committee for the issue minority partitioning Liaquat/Nero fact reduced the tension between India and Pakistan.
On October 16, 1951 Liaquat Ali Khan was shot twice in chest during a public meeting of the Muslim League at company Bagh Rawalpindi. The police immediately shot the assassin, Saad Akbar Babrak. Liaquat was rushed to Hospital but he succumbed to his injuries. He was officially the title of Shaheed-i-Millat, but the question of his murder is yet too answered.
Some of the people thinking it may be due to those elements who organize the Rawalpindi conspiracy, as they were released and was appointed to high official posts in later period by the Government.