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Ancient History – 712 dph

Early Cultures

Not long ago, it seemed that South Asian history began at a singular moment in the second millennium BCE, when the oldest known texts, the Vedas, were composed. A clear, continuous stream of cultural tradition once seemed to flow from Vedic to modern times, allowing modern scholars to dip into ... Read More »

Indus Valley Civilization

South Asian history has no one beginning, no one chronology, no single plot or narrative. It is not a singular history, but rather many histories, with indefinite, contested origins and with countless separate trajectories that multiply as we learn more about the past. In recent decades, history’s multiplicity, antiquity, and ... Read More »

Vedic Aryans

The Harappans lived in cities and had a well organized trade and craft activities. They also had a script which we have been so far not able to decipher. However around 1900 BC these cities began to decline. A number of rural settlements appeared afterwards. These rural settlements show continuity ... Read More »

Later Vedic Era

The Aryans initially lived in the region drained by seven rivers Septa Sindhu roughly covering the modern states of Punjab, and Harayana. Subsequently they also occupied the region drained by Ganga, Yamuna, Sarayu, Ghaghra, and Gandaka roughly covering the modern states of eastern Uttar Pradesh and western Bihar.The Aryans, who ... Read More »

Advent of Buddhism

Buddhism and Jainism are two religions which evolved during the post Vedic Age. There were many reasons why the birth of these religions became imminent during a phase where friction between different sections of the society took center stage. The article lists the major factors and the influencing elements that ... Read More »

Advent of Jainism

Jainism is an ancient religion, which originates from Eastern India. Its advent in the 6th century BC was expected as many people were beginning to oppose the hierarchical organization and formalized rituals of Hinduism, the dominant religion in India. Jainism is one of the world’s oldest religions. Much of its ... Read More »

Gandhara Civilization

Gandhara is the name of an ancient kingdom (Mahajanapada), located in modern day northern Pakistan and parts of eastern Afghanistan. Gandhara was located mainly in the vale of Peshawar, the Potohar plateau and on the Kabul River. Its main cities were Purushapura  (modern Peshawar), literally meaning “City of Man”, Varmayana (modern Bamyan) and Takshashila (modernTaxila). The Kingdom of Gandhara lasted from the early ... Read More »

Alexander’s Invasion

India is no new-discovered land. At a time when our little island was still unknown, still lost in the cold grey mists of the ocean, ships sailed from India’s sunny shores, and caravans wound through the sandy deserts laden with silks and muslins, with gold and jewels and spices. For ... Read More »

Maurya Dynasty

The Maurya Empire was a geographically extensive Iron Age historical power inancient India, ruled by the Mauryan dynasty from 321 to 185 BC. Originating from the kingdom of Magadha in the Indo-Gangetic plains (modern Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh and Bengal) in the eastern side of the Indian subcontinent, the empire ... Read More »

Khushana Dynasty

The most powerful Indian states rose to its north, about 500 years after the Mauryas were the Guptas, who united much of India. Gupta emperors organized a strong central government that promoted peace and prosperity. Under the Guptas, who ruled from A.D. 320 to about 540, India enjoyed a Golden ... Read More »

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