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Bilateralism: 1971-1979

Bhutto’s Concept of Bilateralism

Bilateralism generally refers to theundertaking of the two sides equally, and politically it defines keeping equal relations with the two world powers, independent of their relation with other countries. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto assumed the leadership of Pakistan at the hour when it became deprived of its eastern wing and, Pakistan ... Read More »

Simla Agreement (1972)

The immediate outcome of the War of 1971 between India and Pakistan was the change of government in Pakistan and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, the majority party leader of West Pakistan assumed power on December 20, 1971. The War of 1971 resulted in the dismemberment of East Pakistan. Pakistan had lost ... Read More »

Lahore Summit (1974)

Background. The Second Islamic Summit Conference held from February 22-24, 1974 in Lahore was hosted by Pakistan and came to be known as the Lahore Summit. It was an extra ordinary summit that was held on the proposal of OIC Secretary General Tunku Abdul Rahman. The Second Islamic Summit Conference ... Read More »

Acceptance of Bangladesh, 1974

The creation of Bangladesh as an independent state acted as a bolt from the blue for the Pakistani’s. Pakistan had to accept Bangladesh because it was a reality and other nations started accepting her as a nation. Pakistan’s acceptance of Bangladesh in 1974 only paved the way for future cordial ... Read More »

Nuclear Program

Historical background Pakistan’s Nuclear Program started during Ayub Khan period as a response to Indian nuclear designs which were detrimental to Pakistan’s future. Initially, in 1956 the program was aimed to produce energy by the enactment of Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission. Pakistan’s plan to produce nuclear energy for country’s energy ... Read More »

Bhutto and the UN

Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto’s stance in United Nation changed Pakistan’s relations with other countries. Kashmir, India, pan-Islamic approach and leader of the third world country were the focal point of his foreign policy. In the realistic approach that he followed the socialist philosophy was the main ingredient of his stance in ... Read More »

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