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Arab-Israel war 1967

Arabian Peninsula went under chaos and disintegration after the collapse of Ottoman Empire in first decade of twentieth century. It culminated into several smaller states and Britain in Paris Peace Conference of 1919 was assigned to tame the Arabs for democracy meanwhile she could extract rich oil resources of this region. She was ever ready to support Zionist Movement for having a peace of land in Palestine as it was announced in Balfour Declaration 0f 1917. In result of the help of the super powers Zionists were able to erect a state in Jerusalem on 14 May, 1948 having David Ben-Gurion its head. Arab world rose against it and waged war on Israel but they could not defeat western backed Israel. A series of bloody wars continued for long time even till this date war is on in Middle-East in some way or other. Three Arab countries went into war with Israel in 1967 again but the result was similar; they were badly defeated and they lost major territories. Pakistan had nourished constrained relations with Arab world of that time but in the war Pakistani government not only supported Arabs but offered material help too this melted the ice and relations got batter.


Twentieth century was final step towards the fall of Muslim power. Ottoman Empire went into First World War supposing that Germany will win and it will provide the sick man of Europe a chance to cure himself but Germany was defeated and collation powers met in Versailles to discuss the future of the world. They were having different agendas and were pleading their case to most powerful U.S; although the outcome of this conference was a truce for twenty years but the Arab World was given to Britain so that she could get oil from the region and the plea was taken that she was going to recognize Arabs with democracy. All this was going at one side and Jews were gathering on a viewpoint to have a country around holy city of Jerusalem; they had launched a world wide Zionist movement. Britain who was going to be the in charge of this region latter and super power of that time openly announced help to Zionist cause via Balfour Declaration in 1917. The Zionist movement continued and the world went into another World War; after the war it was the time for Zionists to strike and they made their country on 14, May 1948 ousting thousands of Palestinians from their homelands.


This crisis led to First Arab Israel War of 1948 another was soon to come. This was Arab Israel of 1967 famously known as Six Day War. It continued from June 5 to 10, 1967. Belligerents were Egypt, Jordan and Syria vs. Israel. At the end of war all three Arab countries had lost badly to Israel. She was able to destroy many of the Egyptian air fields. She had captured Gaza Strip and Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, West Bank and Eastern Jerusalem from Jordan and Golan Heights from Syria. Arabs seemed completely disable to retaliate Israeli air attacks and ground forces were stronger in number but not in strategy and velour.


Pakistan was never in the favor of Israel; All India Muslim League had criticized Balfour Declaration and she had had never recognized Israel in United Nations. Relations between the two ideological states were never cordial; Pakistan had always supported Palestine on all forums. Relations were somewhat normal in Operation Cyclone that continued for a decade against Soviet Union MOSAD (Israeli secret agency) and ISI were working together on many missions. Otherwise relations remained worse. Pakistan had culminated differences with Arab World at the time of Suez Canal Crisis particularly with Egypt but in the war Pakistan supported Arabs. Ayub Regime was critical about the war, Pakistani pilots fought against Israeli air force in the war. This was height of support meanwhile Pakistan continued to support Arab cause on all forums. Jamal Abdel Nasser Hussein, president of Egypt was thankful for the support and he was more inclined to Pakistan then India. This was major success of Pakistani foreign policy as it provided positive future base for relations with Arab World. Latter Zulfeqar Ali Bhutto due to this tilt of foreign policy was able to maneuver for a third block in the world comprised of third world countries.


To conclude, it will not be exaggeration if someone states that in Arab Israel conflict Pakistan went beyond its limits to help the Arabs. Although she could have play more vital role in the politics of the world but weak leadership, great game and static society that is existent from last 2400 years forbade her to play her role.

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