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Liaquat-Nehru Pact

After the partition of Subcontinent into two independent states: Pakistan and India, communal riots broke out into the different areas of both countries. Lethal attack on humanity and other conflict and chaos made two countries as the hotbed of violence. The brutal killing of people left a pernicious impact on the minorities of two nations. These conflict and chaos led to the migration of a large number of Muslims from India to Pakistan and maximum number of Hindus and Sikhs departed to India from Pakistan. But this exodus led no positive impression in alleviating the fear and chaos of communal riots because large number of Muslims could not migrate and remain in India. Same occurred in Pakistan as many Hindus and Sikhs did not afford to migrate to India and settled in Pakistan. Both countries people and governments looked upon their minorities with suspicious manner as they deemed them to be disloyal with them. With the passing of everyday, instead of alleviating, the tension of communal riots aggravated. This spread a gruesome wave of fear among the people of both countries. They envisaged that these riots might lead two countries to a war. This fear and trepidation compelled the prime minster of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali khan, to take concrete steps for solution. Thus prime minster issued a statement emphasizing the solution of the problem and he also proposed his Indian counterpart to hold a meeting in order to find a solution to the problem. The two prime minsters met at Delhi on 2 April, 1950. They thoroughly discussed the burning issues. This crucial meeting lasted for six days. They unanimously signed on an agreement which was solely based on the rights of the minorities. Thus, this pact latter come to known as Liaquat Nehru pact. Following are the important features of the pact. 1 to lessen the fear of religious minorities. 2 to put an end the communal riots. 3 to create such an atmosphere that both countries could further solve their problem. This pact which was the endeavor of the both prime minister mostly including the rights of the minorities. It was agreed that both government should ensure complete and equal right of citizenship, security of life and properties to their minorities. In this pertinent pact it was agreed upon by both prime minister to ensure full fundamental human rights which are including the rights of freedom of movement, freedom of thoughts and expression and right of religion. This pact also bestowed the right of representing to both nations minorities. In this pact both the prime minister showed equal willingness to setup a minority’s commission with the aim of observing and reporting the implementation of the pact. They vowed to not violate the rules of the pact, but would effort to reinforce it. This agreement also bears testimony that both minorities were to be headed by provisional minister and their numbers should be ranked from the Muslims and the Hindus. It also emphasized that both the states should reserved loyalty of minorities, if they face any problem living in their country, it could be the prime duty of both the governments to redress their problems without any delay. To sum up, this pact had undue importance; it was an effort of two governments to put an in communal riot, which was erupted till after the partition of sub-continent. This pact also known by its significant feature in which both governments unanimously agreed to guarantee full right to their minorities and they would be treated as a status of full citizen.

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