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Communal Awards

Under the Act of 1919, after every 10 years new reforms were to be introduced in India by the Indian British Government and for this purpose a commission was formed. The commission was called the Simon Commission that was headed by Sir John Simon. This commission was failed in its objective. After this Nehru report was formed in 1928 but this report was rejected by Muslim leaders and Muhammad Ali Jinnah presented 14 points against this report but these points were not accepted by Hindus. Under these conditions the constitutional crisis took a serious shape and to overcome the crisis 3 round table conferences were held in London from 1930 to 1932. The first and second round table conferences were failed and it was seemed that it is impossible to resolve the communal problems so in 1932 the British Government announced its own formula known as Communal Award. This award retained separate electorate for Muslims and all other minorities. On the basis of weighage Muslim received more representation in Muslim minority provinces. The European settlers got this privilege in Bengal and Assam while Sikhs in Punjab and Hindus in Sind and in N.W.F.P also enjoyed this privilege. The right of separate electorate was also given to the Untouchables. The right of separate electorate of the untouchables under this award was highly criticized by Gandi and he said that if this right was not taken back then he will die by observing the fast. The result of this threat was that the Hindu leader D.R Ambedkar renounced the award for the untouchables.


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