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Political History

Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar (1898-1960)

Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar was born in Midnapore, Ahmadabad, on 15th April 1898. He belonged to the Muslim Chundrigar family. He was the fifth Prime Minister of Pakistan and remained on this post for only two months, from 17th October 1957 to 16th December 1957. He completed his graduation from Bombay ... Read More »

Constitution of 1956

After assuming charge as Prime Minister, Chaudhary Muhammad Ali and his team worked hard to formulate a constitution. The committee, which was assigned the task to frame the Constitution, presented the draft Bill in the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan on January 9, 1956. The bill was opposed by the Bengali ... Read More »

Termination of the System

Iskander Mirza and Ayub Khan had perfect cordial relations. Mirza was instrumental in Ayub selection as the Commander in Chief of Pakistan army while Ayub helped Mirza in becoming the Governor General of the country. Both were party to all the decisions taken by the country when Mirza was the ... Read More »

Enforcement of Martial Law (1958)

On the night of 7 October 1958, the constitution was suspended by a Presidential proclamation. The ministers were dismissed; the legislatures dissolved and political parties were banned. The Commander in Chief of the Army, General Mohammad Ayub Khan, was appointed Chief Martial Law Administrator. The proclamation dwelt at length on ... Read More »

Liaqat Ali Khan (1895–1951)

Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan, often simply referred as Liaquat, was one of the leading Founding Fathers of modern Pakistan, statesman, lawyer, and political theorist who became and served as the first Prime Minister of Pakistan, he was also the first Defence minister and minister of Commonwealth and Kashmir Affairs, from ... Read More »

Qutbuddin Aibak

Qutbuddin Aibak is known in history as the founder of the slave dynasty and it is believed that the dynasty derives its name from Qutbuddin who was originally a slave. But it is also true that before accession, Qutbuddin had received the letter of manumission from his master (Mohammad Ghori) ... Read More »

Shamsuddin Iltutmism

Shamsuddin Iltutmish was a slave of Qutbuddin Aibak. Due to the good education and wide knowledge of the Islamic world, which he acquired during the early days of his adversity, he quickly rose to be the amir- i- shikar and son in law of his master within a decade. In ... Read More »

Razia Sultana

Razia the daughter of Iltutmish, succeeded her half brother Rukhnuddin Firoz Shah as the Sultan of Delhi. As her brother was lazy and engaged in sensual pleasures and failed to rule properly. Razia was a highly educated lady of courage and foresight. She was brought up by Iltutmish like a ... Read More »

Nasiruddin Mahmood

Nasiruddin Mahmud was the posthumous child of the eldest son of Iltutmish named Shahzada Nasiruddin. Due to the intense love for eldest son, Iltutmish gave same name to his eldest son to his grandson. Iltutmish wanted the young baby to be considered his son and not grandson for dynastic reasons. ... Read More »

Ghaisuddin Balban

Balban was an Ilbari Turk. His original name was Bahauddin. In his youth he was imprisoned and sold as a slave in Baghdad by the Mogols. Then Iltutmish purchased him from his master in 1233. He enjoyed high posts during Iltutmish and Razia’s reign, but he proved treacherous and played ... Read More »

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