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Nehru Report (1928)

Under the Act of 1919, new reforms were to be introduced in India by the British Government after every 10 years. For this purpose Simon Commission was sent to India in 1927. Most of the Indian political parties decided to boycott the Commission on the plea that it lacked Indian ... Read More »

Fourteen Points of Quaid-i-Azam

In order to counter the proposals made in the Nehru Report, Jinnah presented his proposal in the form of Fourteen Points, insisting that no scheme for the future constitution of the government of India will be satisfactory to the Muslims until and unless stipulations were made to safe guard their ... Read More »

Enforcement of Martial Law (1958)

On the night of 7th October 1958, the constitution was suspended by a Presidential proclamation. The ministers were dismissed; the legislatures dissolved and political parties were banned. The Commander in Chief of the Army, General Mohammad Ayub Khan, was appointed Chief Martial Law Administrator. The proclamation dwelt at length on ... Read More »

Measures taken by Ayub Khan

1: Rehabilitation of peace:- In the absence of any effective governmental authority, the law and order situation was deteriorating throughout the country. Therefore, the first priority of military government was to check the criminal activities within the boundaries of the state; special military cells were established in order to facilitate ... Read More »

Z.A Bhutto as President of Pakistan

Z. A Bhutto sworn in as President and Chief Martial Law Administrator on December 20, 1971. Pakistan Peoples Party had won a landslide victory in the first general elections of the country in 1970 under his charismatic leadership but in West Pakistan only. The events that followed the general elections ... Read More »

Khudai Khidmatgar Movement

Khudai-Khidmatgar was basically a social movement that was initiated by Badshah Khan in Pakhtun dominated areas. The purpose of this movement was to bring reform in the Pakhtun society. As it is known to every single individual that the Pakhtun follow their own code of life also called Pushtunwali in ... Read More »

Constitution of 1973

The constitution of Pakistan 1973 was enforced on 14th Aug 1973. It consists of 280 articles and 7 schedules with Objective Resolution forming the preamble of the constitution beside 20 amendments which have been made since then. It is regarded as the landmark accomplishment of Bhutto’s era as it was ... Read More »

Allahabad Address (1930)

In this address, Allama Iqbal gave the lucid explanation of the inner feeling of the Muslims of India. He narrated the basic principles of the Islam and loyalties of the Muslims to their faith. He gave the idea and concept about a separate homeland in this address because the Muslim ... Read More »

Reforms Introduced by Ayub Khan

On October 7, 1958, President Iskander Mirza abrogated the Constitution and declared Martial Law in the country. This was the first of many military regimes in Pakistan’s history. The Constitution of 1956 was abrogated, ministers were dismissed, Central and Provincial Assemblies were dissolved and all political activities were banned. General ... Read More »

Constitution of 1962

After the military coup of 1958, Ayub Khan waited for some time with the intention of paving public opinion in his favour. A legislative commission was established under the leadership of Justice Shahaab-ud-din. The commission forwarded a report on 6th May 1961. Justice Manzoor Qadir designed and drafted the entire ... Read More »

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