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1977-88 Back to Martial Law dph

Islamization under Zia (1977-1988)

When Zia-ul-Haq took the power in his hands, there was a popular conception that every government paid only lip service to Islam and no sincere effort was ever made in this direction; the ruling class had rather resisted the enforcement of Islam. General Zia was aware of such feelings. So, ... Read More »

The Federal Council (Majlis-e-Shoora)

It was provided under the PCO that the President could constitute a Federal Council (Majlis-e-Shoora) to perform functions that were to be assigned to it by the President. This was a step taken to create a political lobby for Zia and his cronies and to groom these people in future ... Read More »

Movement for the Restoration of Democracy

M.R.D stands for the movement for the restoration of democracy. This alliance was created in 1981 to oppose Zia. It comprised nine parties; National Democratic Party,   Pakistan People’s Party (PPP), Majlis-e-Ahrar-e-Islam (MAI), Sindhi Awami Tahreek, (Pakhtoonkhwa), Awami National Party, Tehrik-e-Istiqlal, Pakistan Muslim League, Pakistan Mazdoor Kissan Party, Jamiat-e-Ulema-e-Islam, Qaumi Mahaz-e-Azadi; ... Read More »

1985 Elections

General Zia position was considerably strengthened by the referendum and he had become so confident that he then decided to hold general elections in the country. Thus on January 12, 1985, it was announced that elections for National and Provincial assemblies would be held on February 25, and 28, respectively. ... Read More »

The Eighth Amendment (1985)

General elections for the National and Provincial Assemblies were held in February 1985 on a non-party basis. No political party was allowed to nominate candidates in the elections. Before the parliament could meet on 23 March 1985, the Constitution was comprehensively amended through a President’s Orders, known as Revival of ... Read More »

Bahawalpur Tragedy

  Zia-ul-Haq was killed in an air crash on 17 August 1988 near Bahawalpur on his way back from a demonstration of tanks. He was in uniform and was accompanied by a number of generals, including the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, Chief of General Staff, and other high ... Read More »

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