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1958-69 Military in Politics dph

Enforcement of Martial Law (1958)

On the night of 7th October 1958, the constitution was suspended by a Presidential proclamation. The ministers were dismissed; the legislatures dissolved and political parties were banned. The Commander in Chief of the Army, General Mohammad Ayub Khan, was appointed Chief Martial Law Administrator. The proclamation dwelt at length on ... Read More »

Measures taken by Ayub Khan

1: Rehabilitation of peace:- In the absence of any effective governmental authority, the law and order situation was deteriorating throughout the country. Therefore, the first priority of military government was to check the criminal activities within the boundaries of the state; special military cells were established in order to facilitate ... Read More »

Reforms Introduced by Ayub Khan

On October 7, 1958, President Iskander Mirza abrogated the Constitution and declared Martial Law in the country. This was the first of many military regimes in Pakistan’s history. The Constitution of 1956 was abrogated, ministers were dismissed, Central and Provincial Assemblies were dissolved and all political activities were banned. General ... Read More »

Constitution of 1962

After the military coup of 1958, Ayub Khan waited for some time with the intention of paving public opinion in his favour. A legislative commission was established under the leadership of Justice Shahaab-ud-din. The commission forwarded a report on 6th May 1961. Justice Manzoor Qadir designed and drafted the entire ... Read More »

Combined Oppsition Party (1965)

On January 2, 1965, the first presidential election was held. Some 80,000 ‘basic democrats’, as members of urban and regional councils, caucused to vote. The presidential election of January 1965 resulted in a victory for Ayub Khan but also demonstrated the appeal of the opposition. Four political parties joined to ... Read More »

ELECTIONS OF 1965

Ayub Khan took over the body politic of Pakistan in 1958. He dominated the politics of Pakistan for almost a decade. Ayub Khan promulgated a new presidential constitution in 1962. Presidential elections were held in Pakistan on January 2, 1965.It was a memorable occasion as the it was year of ... Read More »

Democratic Action Committee

Ayub Khan took over the politics of Pakistan in 1958. He formulated and enforced many policies to stabilize the country and legitimize himself. Land reforms, economic reforms, family law reforms, social reforms and constitutional reforms are among the most prominent. Ayub policies were criticize by a large number of urban ... Read More »

Causes of Ayub’s Decline

Immediate measure of the Martial law regime were successful but in the long term failed to solve the problems.  GENERAL REASONS Concentration of political power in his own hands. Dictatorial powers of President: people want parliamentary form of democracy Right of adult franchise curtailed by the system of basic democracy ... Read More »

Downfall of Ayub Khan (1969)

After independence and especially the death of Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Pakistan was entangled in a web of chaos and confusion. The instability can be seen with having four Governor Generals, seven Prime Ministers and one President in eleven years. Not a single government was stable enough to think and ... Read More »

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