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Positive Neutrality: 1947-1953

Kashmir Issue

Since the partition of the Indian subcontinent into India and Pakistan in 1947, the Kashmir dispute has been an intractable one between them. They fought three wars over it in1948, 1965, and 1999, but have not been able to resolve it. The partition left the fate of over 550 princely ... Read More »

Pakhtoonistan issue

Pakhtoons are an ethnic group largely inhabiting north-eastern frontier part of Pakistan and this is major ethnic group living in Afghanistan as well. From1940 onwards, when Pakistan movement was launched and it became obvious that British were going to leave the subcontinent at the end of 2nd World War. Some ... Read More »

Common wealth

Introduction. Commonwealth is the name of an international organization. Queen Elizabeth II is the head of this organization. This organization can also be called as intergovernmental organization. It is sometimes called as an organization of “like-minded” peoples or an organization of peoples with a “common way of life.   Institutional ... Read More »

Kashmir in United Nations (1948-1953)

The partition of India in 1947, which resulted in the emergence of the states of India and Pakistan, created many loopholes and fissures which from time to time influenced the relations of both nascent countries. Of the many legacies of partition, one and the most sensitive issue was the Kashmir ... Read More »

Indo-Pak Crisis (1949-51)

The conflict between India and Pakistan originated as a clash between Indian and Muslim nationalism during British colonial rule. The relations between Pakistan and India are characterizes by periodic ups and downs.   Throughout 1949-51, there was no direct military conflict between two dominions and several meetings, conferences and agreements were ... Read More »

Liaquat-Nehru pact

Introduction Relations between India and Pakistan were extremely hostile during earlier phases of the birth of both nations and they were themselves the reasons of that state of unwanted circumstances. Both nations realized from the very first day that the salvation lied for them in accepting each other as they ... Read More »

Korean War

Background Pakistan came into being after a long struggle of All India Muslim League and Muslims of the sub-continent. After the partition, Pakistan emerged as a new Muslim country on the map of the world. In 1950 after the three years of independence of Pakistan, South Korea was attacked by ... Read More »

Invitation from USSR during 1950s

Under the untiring struggle of Indian Muslims in the leadership of Mohammad Ali Jinnah, Pakistan emerged as an ideological Muslim State on the map of the world. The planning and implementation of partition had worst adverse impacts territorially, economically and militarily on Pakistan. Pakistan was in desperate need of military ... Read More »

Liaquat’s Visit to U.S.A

Foreign Policy of the Nascent State: In August 1947, Pakistan emerged as an independent state on the map of the world. Liaquat Ali Khan became the first Prime Minister of Pakistan after independence. He had to decide the kind of foreign policy that Pakistan was going to adopt. At that ... Read More »

Water Dispute

The Indus basin water dispute had its basis in the partition of Punjab. It occurred on April 1, 1948, when East Punjab in India discontinued the flow of cannel waters to West Punjab that became a huge threat of dearth and loss of crops in West Punjab. West Punjab is ... Read More »

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