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Author Archives: Khyzar Kapoor

Land reforms of Bhutto

Z. A. Bhutto swept the elections on the riding wave of socialism. In pursuit of the economic program, reforms began to be made to attain the end and the end was equality in economic terms and empowering the small farmers. Pakistan was an agriculturist country where majority of the population ... Read More »

1985 Elections

General Zia position was considerably strengthened by the referendum and he had become so confident that he then decided to hold general elections in the country. Thus on January 12, 1985, it was announced that elections for National and Provincial assemblies would be held on February 25, and 28, respectively. ... Read More »

Government India Act of 1935

The Round Table Conferences could not achieve their objective and thus failed. However on the suggestions of Round Table Conferences white paper was issued in 1933 and efforts were started to make the constitution of India. A committee was setup under the chairmanship of Lord Linlithgow, the viceroy of India, ... Read More »

Nationalization under Bhutto

Nationalization is the term used when the government takes the control of anything that was ownned private previously. Nationalization was the policy that was implemented by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. Bhutto according to his promise restored the economic order that was badly shaken by the war, attracted towards it. In the ... Read More »

The Eighth Amendment (1985)

General elections for the National and Provincial Assemblies were held in February 1985 on a non-party basis. No political party was allowed to nominate candidates in the elections. Before the parliament could meet on 23 March 1985, the Constitution was comprehensively amended through a President’s Orders, known as Revival of ... Read More »

Shaheed Ganj Dispute (1935)

  In 1935, Shaheed Ganj Movement was launched in the Punjab. It generated a great enthusiasm among the Punjabi Muslims in particular, and all the Muslims of the subcontinent in general. Before going into details of the movement, it seems pertinent to briefly deal with the history of the issue of Shaheed Ganj Mosque, which was the ... Read More »

Bhutto’s Nuclear Program

Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was one of the rare political leaders who had natural instinct and broad vision to read the political situation vigilantly. Bhutto’s shrewdness and farsightedness led Pakistan towards the successful Nuclear Program. The pursuit of Nuclear Technology created hype in the political world especially in sub-continental region. When ... Read More »

Bahawalpur Tragedy

  Zia-ul-Haq was killed in an air crash on 17 August 1988 near Bahawalpur on his way back from a demonstration of tanks. He was in uniform and was accompanied by a number of generals, including the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, Chief of General Staff, and other high ... Read More »

Pakistan National Alliance

Pakistan National Alliance constituted of nine religious and political parties. It was formed in 1977 in which the alliances agreed to run as a single bloc to overthrow the rule of Prime Minister Zulfqar Ali Bhutto, the first elected leader of that country after the Martial law of Yahiya Khan. It was ... Read More »

The Indian Councils Act 1892

The Indian Councils Act 1892 was passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The main provisions of the bills were as under:   The number of non-official members was increased, both in Central and Provincial legislatures. The universities, zamindars, municipalities, etc. were authorized to recommend members to Provincial Councils. ... Read More »

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